English Aquitaine and the Hundred Years War

Follow in the footsteps of the 100 Years War and discover a great era when Aquitaine was English. History, exploration and enchantment will be there! Dive into the heart of the 12th century towards an incredible and emblematic epic of French history.

Un petit peu d’histoire…

The Hundred Years War, a period of conflict between the French and the English Kingdom, began in 1337 and ended in 1453 with a French victory. First of all, it was in 1152 that Aliénor d’Aquitaine, duchess of Aquitaine married Henri II de Plantagenêt, Duke of Normandy and future King of England. In 1156, he came to hold his court in Bordeaux to receive the support and homage of his Aquitaine vassals. It is at this moment that a series of conflicts occured between the two monarchies, with the South-West as the central point.

Aliénor d’Aquitaine, famous figure, was at the time one of the most influential characters in  Europe!

For years the two countries will fight for the duchy of Aquitaine. Many remains or traces of the past are still visible in the region. During this period of conflict, some people from Bordeaux expressed their dissatisfaction, indeed, they were taxed for the maintenance of the French army and are therefore wary of it. In addition, wine exports were also taxed, which has major consequences on trade. It should be noted that Bordeaux had, at the time, the exclusive right to produce, sell, distribute and export to Great Britain. With the departure of the English from Bordeaux, the risk was losing a large part of the wine consumers.

Aquitaine, a central place of the Hundred Years War

During the Hundred Years War, Bordeaux and the Duchy of Aquitaine had a prominent place! Under English occupation for almost 3 centuries, Bordeaux was a thriving city thanks to its port, its vineyard and its merchants. The English were very favourable towards the development of the city, which thus acquired many privileges,especially commercial ones.

In Aquitaine, the Hundred Years War is also characterized by the Black Prince. Edouard de Woodstock arrived in Bordeaux in the 14th century. In the middle of the Hundred Years’ War, he landed in Aquitaine to protect the Anglo-Gascon possessions against the French. Prince of Aquitaine, he led a luxurious life at court with his wife Jeanne. Today, he remains a key person in this historical period. You too can follow in the footsteps of the Black Prince and set off on an adventure in New Aquitaine. Relive this great historical conquest, very emblematic of the Hundred Years War!

The Hundred Years War is also made of great historical battles in France and Aquitaine. Discover these lands marked by military incredible but also apalling historical events. Follow in the footsteps of great battles like the Battle of Castillon or the Battle of Bergerac. Experience a journey out of time through unique and unforgettable moments.

Passionate about history or hungry for new knowledge, set off on an adventure and discover Aquitaine in a new light. With French Historical Paths, rediscover France History!

To learn more about this conflict and the complexity of this hihgly interesting period, let yourself be carried away by the beauty and richness of the South-West and discover an original facet of Aquitaine.

© Photo credits : ActuAlité / Daniel Jolivet

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